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Greek History & Culture / First city-state
« Last Post by Maik on Saturday, 22 July, 2017 @ 20:45:50 »
Iklaina: The First City-State of Ancient Greece and Europe

Little-known Iklaina in Peloponnese was a major center of Mycenaean culture and findings indicate that it was the first city-state in Ancient Greece.

Iklaina marks the transition from a world without states to a world where the state is the dominant political institution. In the city-state located in todays’ Messenia prefecture, archaeologists have discovered the oldest written text in Europe on a tablet made of clay.

Situated at a strategic location overlooking the Ionian Sea, Iklaina appears to have been an important capital city of the Late Bronze Age (ca. 1600-1100 BC) that became famous for such mythical sagas as the Trojan War.

An open-air pagan sanctuary, an early Mycenaean palace, giant terrace walls, murals, an advanced drainage system, and a clay tablet from between 1450 and 1350 BC featuring an early example of Linear B writing have reinforced the view that this ancient Greek town was one of the earliest complex states in ancient Greece by hundreds of years, if not the first.

The massive buildings discovered apparently served as administrative centers and the clay tablet is the earliest-known government record in Europe.

More about Iklaina at Unknown Monumental Palace Rewrites Ancient Greek History
Holidays in Hellas / Re: Airport forex rates
« Last Post by Aristarches on Saturday, 22 July, 2017 @ 16:24:47 »
As I write the Fairfx rate is 1.088 euro to the £.
Greek News / Re: Aegean 6.7 earthquake
« Last Post by Maik on Saturday, 22 July, 2017 @ 16:16:34 »
Tsunami following 'quake - Kos:

Like Roger I was surprised it wasn't worse, though bad enough.  ? Possibly because of quality of anti-quake building methods.


Quite possibly. Unlike Kef there are many older buildings on Kos, particularly in Kos Town, including some quite substantial Roman remains. Looks like it was the traditional, old buildings that suffered most. Here's a before and after of the old Lefterdar mosque:


In the link there's a pic of the traditional stone building that housed the White Corner bar and one of Kos port - very seriously damaged. Very fortunate Kos airport didn't suffer any real damage.
Hoaxes & Scams / Re: Bambi buckets and donkey dicks
« Last Post by BeeTee on Saturday, 22 July, 2017 @ 15:19:25 »
I know it is made up but the story about the man fixing his motorcycle still still makes me laugh  :rofl:
Greek News / Re: Aegean 6.7 earthquake
« Last Post by BeeTee on Saturday, 22 July, 2017 @ 15:09:18 »
Summary from the Uk Gov site..


Still current at: 22 July 2017
Updated: 22 July 2017
Latest update:
Summary - Kos Airport is fully operational and expects to operate a full service from Saturday 22 July. Ferry services are being diverted to other ports on the island of Kos, given damage to the main port. If you have concerns about flights or ferry services, please contact your airline, ferry company or tour operator.
Hoaxes & Scams / Bambi buckets and donkey dicks
« Last Post by Maik on Saturday, 22 July, 2017 @ 14:36:28 »
Some fake news emails doing the rounds (again), quite amusing (if they were true - thankfully they aren't). The first has gone round many times and as bush fires aren't unknown on Kef the info about the firefighting aircraft might be of interest.

Via email:
Fire authorities in California found a corpse in a burned-out section of forest while assessing the damage done by a forest fire.   The deceased male was dressed in a full wet suit, complete with scuba tanks on his back, flippers, and face mask.
A post-mortem test revealed that the man died not from burns, but from massive internal injuries. Dental records provided a positive identification.   Investigators then set about to determine how a fully clothed diver ended up in the middle of a forest fire.
It was revealed that on the day of the fire, the man went diving off the coast, some 20 miles from the forest.   The fire fighters, seeking to control the fire as quickly as possible, had called in a fleet of helicopters with very large dip buckets.   Water was dipped from the ocean and emptied at the site of the forest fire.
You guessed it.   One minute our diver was making like Flipper in the Pacific, the next, he was doing the breast stroke in a fire dip bucket 300 feet in the air.

...the technology governing both bucket and scoop-style water bombers rules out anyone being taken up with a load of water.

The intake of the largest helibucket is a one-foot ring. Although 10,000 gallons of water can be carried in the largest “bambi bucket,” it all gets in there through that one-foot opening, an aperture far too minuscule for even a small person to be pulled through, let alone a typical-sized man dressed in scuba gear.

Bombardier water bombers typically have two intakes, but both are 4 inches by 10 inches, far too small to get a diver through. Further, these intakes are protected by grilles.

Helitankers (choppers bearing a fixed tank) suck up water through a hose known as a “donkey dick.” The opening to this hose is only a couple of inches in diameter.

Though it’s impossible to be scooped or sucked up into a water bomber, there has been at least one injury to a swimmer resulting from coming too near to one while it was in the process of reloading. In 1998, a swimmer in Corsica was caught in eddies caused by a Canadair and thrown against a landing stage. She suffered a bruised leg.

Via email:
A man was working on his motorcycle on the patio, his wife nearby in the kitchen.   While racing the engine, the motorcycle accidentally slipped into gear.  The man, still holding onto the handlebars, was dragged along as it burst through the glass patio doors.

His wife, hearing the crash, ran in the room to find her husband cut and bleeding, the motorcycle, and the shattered patio door.   She called for an ambulance and, because the house sat on a fairly large hill, went down the several flights of stairs to meet the paramedics and escort them to her husband.

While the attendants were loading her husband, the wife managed to right the motorcycle and push it outside.   She also quickly blotted up the spilled petrol with some paper towels and tossed them into the toilet.

After being treated and released, the man returned home, looked at the shattered patio door and the damage done to his motorcycle.   He went into the bathroom and consoled himself with a cigarette while attending to his business.   About to stand, he flipped the butt between his legs.

The wife, who was in the kitchen, heard a loud explosion and her husband screaming.   Finding him lying on the bathroom floor with his trousers blown away and burns on his buttocks, legs and groin, she once again phoned for an ambulance.   The same paramedic crew was dispatched.

As the paramedics carried the man down the stairs to the ambulance they asked the wife how he had come to burn himself.   She told them.   They started laughing so hard, one slipped, the stretcher dumping the husband out.   He fell down the remaining stairs, breaking his arm.

This story is a spin off from an urban legend mentioned in the book “The Vanishing Hitchhiker: American Urban Legends and Their Meanings” by Jan Harold Brunvand.

The original story is about a husband who dropped a lighted cigarette in a toilet unaware that his wife had emptied a can of hair spray in the bowl in an attempt to kill a spider.

This new version about the motorcycle owner was recently added to the act of folk singer / story teller Arlo Guthrie.  Guthrie uses the story to introduce his “Motorcycle Song” that he wrote and recorded in 1967.

Via email:
The average cost of rehabilitating a seal after the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska was $80,000.   At a special ceremony, two of the most expensively saved animals were being released back into the wild amid cheers and applause from onlookers.   A minute later, in full view, a killer whale ate them both.

A woman came home to find her husband in the kitchen shaking frantically, almost in a dancing frenzy, with some kind of wire running from his waist towards the electric kettle.   Intending to jolt him away from the deadly current, she whacked him with a handy plank of wood, breaking his arm in two places.   Up to that moment, he had been happily listening to his Walkman.

Two animal rights protesters were protesting at the cruelty of sending pigs to a slaughterhouse in Bonn, Germany.   Suddenly, all two thousand pigs broke loose and escaped through a broken fence, stampeding madly.   The two hapless protesters were trampled to death.

Iraqi terrorist Khay Rahnajet didn't pay enough postage on a letter bomb.    It came back with 'return to sender' stamped on it.   Forgetting it was the bomb, he opened it and was blown to bits.

Fake News Stories
Holidays in Hellas / Airport forex rates
« Last Post by Maik on Saturday, 22 July, 2017 @ 13:46:12 »
British tourists offered 88 euro cents for £1 in Europe, one year on from Brexit vote
UK holidaymakers face worst euro exchange rate ever seen as they leave for summer getaways

British holidaymakers travelling to Europe face one of the worst exchange rates on record this weekend, with the pound falling to less than one euro in some places a year on from the Brexit vote.

As families prepare to travel to the continent on the first day of the school holidays, people flying out of British airports have been offered as little as 88 cents for a pound.

Gatwick, Luton and Birmingham airports were all offering less than a euro to the pound – the worst rate in eight months – while Cardiff airport exchanged just 88 cents.

Experts said that was possibly the worst euro exchange rate ever seen at any UK airport – traditionally the most expensive places to buy foreign currency.

The Travelex foreign exchange booths at Heathrow, Manchester and Glasgow were meanwhile offering almost exactly one euro to the pound.

Doubt many regular GGi readers would use an airport exchange bureau, there's better places to change money in the UK. Current rate in Greece around

(looking likely to go down to around 1.0887 on Monday)
Greek News / Re: Aegean 6.7 earthquake
« Last Post by TonyKath on Saturday, 22 July, 2017 @ 13:41:14 »
Like Roger I was surprised it wasn't worse, though bad enough.  ? Possibly because of quality of anti-quake building methods.

Greek News / Re: Aegean 6.7 earthquake
« Last Post by Jolly Roger on Friday, 21 July, 2017 @ 22:43:15 »
A tsunami following the earthquake, caused damage to boats in Bodrum.

Kefalonia News / Refugees intercepted
« Last Post by Maik on Friday, 21 July, 2017 @ 21:33:48 »
Eighty refugees arrive on Kefalonia

A boat carrying 80 refugees, among them 20 children, reached the Ionian island of Kefalonia safely Thursday after being intercepted by coast guards shortly before it arrived on the shores of Aghia Ierousalim beach.

The refugees were examined by doctors from the island’s hospital who gave them the all-clear. They were taken to a safe location in Argostoli before being transported to Athens later in the day.
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